Amritsar is most famous for being the home of the Golden Temple, the most important holy pilgrimage site in the world for Sikhs. Made out of pure marble with an imposing dome of pure gold the temple is surrounded by a sacred pool and all these factors combine to ensure that is an extraordinarily beautiful sight. Tens of thousands of people visit the temple every day which leads to the next extraordinary fact, each person who visits can enjoy a free meal. Not only that, but the entire temple complex and kitchens are manned solely by volunteers. To see this much food (and chai) being prepared is fascinating and it is also possible to volunteer yourselves.
Whilst staying in Amritsar, you may take a drive to the border point between India and Pakistan to witness the daily closing of the border ceremony, which takes place with great pomp and ceremony on both sides. Slightly more sobering is a visit to The Jallianwala Bagh scene of the Amritsar massacre which took place on 13 April, 1919 at the order of Colonel Dyer in which hundreds of people were killed. An eternal flame stands in the grounds. Amritsar is also known for its streetfood and a walking tour of the old city can take you past many of its best food joints.